Towards A Clean Energy Economy

India, along with the rest of the world, is facing significant social and economic challenges after implementing measures to contain the spread of COVID-19. To address these challenges, public and private sector leaders are considering short-term and long-term interventions to support economic recovery. In this context, India recently announced a Rs 20 lakh crore (US$266 billion) relief package—one of the largest stimulus packages in the world as a share of gross domestic product (GDP). This package includes ongoing efforts by the government to boost healthcare facilities, measures by the Reserve Bank of India, and special packages that account for about 10 percent of the GDP. The stimulus package, in its current form, focuses largely on economic recovery. As policymakers prepare interventions and industries consider changes to their business models and operations, there is an opportunity to prioritize efforts that work towards building a clean, resilient, and least-cost energy future for India, including electric vehicles, energy storage, and renewable energy programs. This report discusses how COVID-19 is beginning to influence the clean energy transition in India, specifically for the transport and power sectors, and identifies principles and strategic opportunities for the country’s leaders to drive economic recovery and maintain momentum on the clean energy transition.