Question raised in Rajya Sabha on slum policy, 11/03/2020
Land’ and ‘Colonisation’ are State subjects and therefore, it is the responsibility of the State/Union Territory (UT) Governments to frame policies and implement schemes for the people living in slums. s per Census of India 2011, the total number of people living in slums in Delhi and Mumbai is 16,17,239 and 52,06,473 respectively. The Government of India through its various programmatic interventions has been making overarching efforts by assisting States/UTs both technically and financially to address their housing shortage. In pursuance to Government’s vision of ‘Housing for All by 2022’, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has been implementing Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Urban (PMAY-U) Mission since June 25, 2015 to provide Central Assistance to States/UTs for providing all weather pucca houses with basic civic infrastructure like water, sanitation, sewerage, road, electricity etc. to all eligible urban households including slum dwellers by the year 2022. “In-situ” Slum Redevelopment (ISSR) component of PMAY-U Mission mandates to use land as a resource for providing houses to slum dwellers. This approach aims to leverage the locked potential of land under slums to provide houses to the eligible slum dwellers by bringing them into the formal urban settlement.