Green growth and energy security: fossil-endowed middle-income countries at a crossroads

This policy brief synthesises the findings of political economy analyses (PEA) in the energy sector in three fossil-endowed middle-income countries (MICs): Colombia, Indonesia and Kenya. It is based on a research project on political economy constraints and enablers influencing governments’ decisions on green growth options in the energy sector, where policy directions for a robust green growth trajectory are explored.* The link between energy security and green growth objectives is a tenuous one, and involves many trade-offs.