Complex systems of preserving biodiversity, evolved over centuries, have not saved traditional communities living in bio rich areas like India from poverty. Only if India starts patenting its germplasm can it compensate those of its communities which have

• Half the world's 6,000 languages will die out in the next 75 to 100 years. • Harvard biologist Edward Wilson estimates that nearly 140 species become extinct very day. • The

Farm forestry was promoted in India in the late 1970s to produce fuelwood for rural consumption. The program was immensly successful in the green revolution region in the early 1980s, but farmers produced wood for markets, and not to meet local needs. This market orientation of farmers was recognized in the new National Forest Policy of 1988. Lately, two serious problems have been noted. First, the program remained confined only to the commercialized and monetized regions, and elsewhere made little impact.

The results of a study on the fishery, biology, exploitation and mortality of hilsa shad (Hisa ilishu) are presented. The average annual landing of Hilsa ilisha for 1979 - 88 was 5710 tonnes forming 0.4% of the total landings. The major craft and gears and the contributions of different states are presented. Age at first maturity was estimated as 1.98 years. The details of spawning migrations, maturity stages and fecundity are discussed. The total mortality, natural mortality and fishing mortality coefficients were obtained as 1.71,0.704 and 0.9444 respectively.

The ecology of the already shrinking Chilika lake is further threatened by the scramble among fisherfolk, farmers and traders to grabe their share of the depleting stock of fish and prawn.Meanwhile the state government too, oblivious of the lake"s deterio

A nondescript Maria Gond village in Maharashtra's Gadchiroli district, can offer a lesson to urbanites on how to run a functioning democracy.

M G Rao, then assistant director of fisheries, was the first to attempt breeding tiger prawns in the Palur canal of Chilika in 1981.

In Nepal, camps for making children more environmentally conscious are proving increasingly popular. And in many families it's the children who are awakening their parents to these issues.

The Tatas' attempts to enter the prawn market raises a lot of speculation regarding the extent of their interest in the environmentally touchy lake.

Saheli, a Delhi based women's organisation, has, for some time, been fighting against long acting female contraceptives like Net oen and Norplant 6, believed to have dangerous side effects. It took its case to the Supreme Court and got the government to

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